Understanding sludge accumulation in VIPs

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  • Create Date 8 January 2024
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Understanding sludge accumulation in VIPs

The goal of Water Research Commission project K5/1745 was to investigate existing management
practices with regard to VIP toilets, identify challenges and lacks and develop strategies and tools for
more effective management. Existing literature and current practice was explored to consolidate
knowledge on pit filling, strategies and methodologies for pit emptying and the economic aspects of
successful on-site sanitation management. New technologies and methods were developed for pit
emptying and sustainable alternatives for the beneficial use of sludge were explored. The findings of
this research have been published in three volumes as the series Tackling the challenges of full pits. This
volume is followed by:

• Volume 2: How fast do pit toilets fill up? A scientific understanding of sludge build up and
accumulation in pit latrines
• Volume 3: The development of pit emptying technologies

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